1818: Martha (Tynes) Pool to Henry Wheeler

This letter was written by Martha (Tynes) Pool (1789-1828), the daughter of Robert Fleming Tynes (1755-1830) and Melissa Watkins (1762-1814). Martha married William Pool (1782-1860) in 1812. He is believed to be the son of Seth Pettypool (1755-1805) of Laurens county, South Carolina. When Martha wrote this letter in August 1818, she had three children — William (b. 1816) and two others that apparently did not survive to adulthood. She would eventually have at least four more children — Amanda (b. 1819), Oliver (b. 1820), Minor (b. 1823), and Fleming (b. 1826).

Martha wrote the letter to her Uncle Henry and Aunt K. Wheeler of Stateburg, South Carolina.

Elysian Fields is a ghost town in Amite county, Mississippi. It was located 2.5 miles east of the present city of Centreville.

aamieaton5

TRANSCRIPTION
Addressed to Henry Wheeler, State Burgh [South Carolina]

[Elysian Fields,] Mississippi
August 10, 1818,

My long absent Aunt and Uncle,

I have at length assumed my pen to inform you of the health of my family and connections. We all enjoy tolerable health but Uncle F. Watkins who is about to depart this life after a long sickness. He has been confined to his bed three months or more. In the first place, he had a rising on his leg that we all expected would have to be cut off. But Doctor Pool came and cured the leg. Then he took the diarrhea. That has wore him away to a skeleton. This complaint is something like the consumption but it works downwards in large quantities. This complaint is very fatal in these parts. You may count Uncle dead. He has been speechless for 4 days. There’s no hope. Mr. Boon died this spring with the same complaint. I don’t suppose that Aunt will shed one tear. If she does, it will be for joy, they tell me — I have never been there — [and] that she is talking about marrying already.

I expect, Aunt, you may wonder that I have never been to see Uncle. My reason I will give to you. Aunt has got so grand that she can’t visit no one but the ____. She is one of the greatest hypocrites in the world. She has set Uncle against her own people and berated my father and family worst than heathens. [When] my father came, he Uncle would not let him settle to himself for fear of some scandal but told him that they would build a double house — one end for him and one for ____. Well as soon as this was done and got plenty of land open, Aunt began to treat the child ill. [She] lay in her complaints to Uncle [so as to] make him ___ them and whop the team when father would be gone. She would go all about with her sister hood and tell all kind of tales on the girls. My father found half the provisions and she would draw coffee 3 mornings and then draw it for father and his family to drink and a thousand more of her mean [acts]. I could tell you if I could see you but the old slave will soon leave her and then her pride will fall after awhile. She makes nothing to lay out a hundred dollars at a time. Uncle makes fine crops every year but she goes through with it for he is very little better off than when he came.

We have got fine crops this year. I want Uncle to come out here. There is fine bargains to be had about here. People wants to go over the river. We would all been rich if the rot had not been so bad this 4 year’s back. It is leaving this place.

I have 3 children, Ann ¹ has 5, Betsy ² 2 and Polly ³ one, Myner [Minor] † 3 and Maning 1. Betsy lives with father since the death of Mr. Boon. Polly is married to a Mr. [Sampson E.] Ball on Pearl River — a widower. His first wife [Elizabeth Warren] was Fleming Tyne’s wife’s sister. He is well off but given to dissipation.

My dear Aunt, if I could see you, I should think I had almost got my long lost mother. Remember my …..living grandmother. Aunt West and all my relations and may the blessed and all adorable God enable my letter to find you and family well.

— Martha L. Pool

[to] Mrs. K. Wheeler


¹ Ann Eliza Tynes (1795-1842) was the wife of Co. Robert Petty Pool (1784-1854). Robert was William Pool’s brother.

² We learn from the letter that Martha’s sister, Elizabeth (“Betsy”) Catherine Tynes (1793-1871), was married at least twice — first to Mr. William Watson Boone who died of dysentery sometime shortly before the date of this letter, and second to Mr. Ball. Betsy and her husband lived with her father in East Feliciano, Louisiana, in 1818. According to on-line census records, Betsy married a third time to Thomas F. Lucas (1788-1845). Their son, Thornton W. Lucas (1828-1863) died while in the Confederate service during the siege of Vicksburg on 28 March 1863.

³ Mary (“Polly”) Amanda Tynes (1789-1828) became the second wife of Sampson Edward Ball (1779-1829) of Marion county, Mississippi, in 1817. Ball was a first cousin to Martha Washington. He had several children with his first wife and had one child with Mary by 1818.

† Martha’s brother, Minor Edwin Tynes (1787-1825), died in 1825 in Monticello, Lawrence county, Mississippi. Minor was married to Elizabeth H. Doughty (1791-1860). Minor and Elizabeth had three children when this letter was written — Martha (b. 1812), Amanda (b. 1815), and Oscar (b. 1815).


Uncategorized

Advertisements

Griff View All →

My passion is studying American history leading up to & including the Civil War. I particularly enjoy reading, transcribing & researching primary sources such as letters and diaries.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Spared & Shared 19

Saving History One Letter at a Time

Recollections of Army Life

by Charles A. Frey

The Civil War Letters of William Kennedy

Co. B, 91st New York Infantry

The Glorious Dead

Letters from the 23rd Illinois Infantry, the 111th Pennsylvania Infantry, the 64th New York Infantry, and the 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry

Cornelius Van Houten

1st New Jersey Light Artillery

Letters of Charley Howe

36th Massachusetts Volunteers

Sgt. Major Fayette Lacey

Co. B, 37th Illinois Volunteers

"These few lines"

the pocket memorandum of Alexander C. Taggart

The Civil War Letters of Will Dunn

Co. F, 62nd Pennsylvania Volunteers

Henry McGrath Cannon

Co. A, 124th New York Infantry & Co. B, 16th New York Cavalry

Civil War Letters of Frederick Warren Holmes

Co. H, 77th Illinois Volunteers

"Though distant lands between us be"

Civil War Letters of Monroe McCollister, Co. B, 6th OVC

"Tell her to keep good heart"

Civil War Letters of Nelson Statler, 211th PA

"May Heaven Protect You"

14th Connecticut drummer boy's war-time correspondence with his mother

Moreau Forrest

Lt. Commander in the US Navy during the Civil War

Diary of the 29th Massachusetts Infantry

Fighting with the Irish Brigade during the Peninsula Campaign

"Till this unholy rebellion is crushed"

Letters of Dory & Morty Longwood, 7th Indiana

"I Go With Good Courage"

The Civil War Letters of Henry Clay Long, 11th Maine Infantry

"This is a dreadful war"

The Civil War Letters of Jacob Bauer, 16th Connecticut, & his wife Emily

Spared & Shared 16

Saving History One Letter at a Time

Lloyd Willis Manning Letters

3rd Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, Co. I

The Yankee Volunteer

A Virtual Archive of Civil War Likenesses collected by Dave Morin

William Henry Jordan

Co. K, 7th Rhode Island Infantry

No Cause to Blush

The Bancroft Collection of Civil War Letters

William A. Bartlett Civil War Letters

Company D, 37th Massachusetts Infantry

The John Hughes Collection

A Virtual Archive of his Letters, 1858-1869

The Civil War Letters of Rufus P. Staniels

Co. H, 13th New Hampshire Volunteers

This is Indeed A Singular War

The Civil War Letters of Henry Scott Murray, 8th New York Light Artillery

The Letters of James A. Durrett

Co. E, 18th Alabama Infantry

Spared & Shared 15

Saving History One Letter at a Time

The Civil War Letters of George Messer

Company F, 107th Illinois Volunteer Infantry

Jeff's Prayers are as Effective as Abe's

The Civil War Letters of George S. Youngs, 126th New York Vols

Soldiering is a Very Uncertain Game

The Civil War Letters of Lemuel Glidden, Co. K, 145th Indiana Infantry

Tough as a Pitch Pine Knot

Letters of John Whitcomb Piper, 4th Massachusetts Heavy Artillery

%d bloggers like this: