1865: Price Eugene Phillips to Morris H. Oliver

36661993_125710904860
Headstone of Price Phillips in Rose Hill Cemetery, Newburgh, Indiana

This letter was written by Price Phillips (1829-1895), a life-long resident farmer of Warrick county, Indiana, who was married in 1858 to Mary Eliza Gardner (1836-1875). Together they had ten children. After his first wife died, Price married Emily Baker. He is buried in Rose Hill Cemetery. Price’s wife was the daughter of William H. Gardner (1800-1876) and Frances Maria Glass (1806-1861).

Price Phillips was the son of Joseph Riding Phillips (1800-1865) and his wife, Sarah Caroline Price (1813-1881).  Price had at least three younger brothers — Thomas (b. 1833), James, (b. 1838) and Robert M. (b. 1844). The youngest brother, Robert M. Phillips relocated with his parents to Union, St. Francis county, Arkansas, prior to the Civil War and lived there long enough for Robert to engender feelings of loyalty to his adopted state of Arkansas. As a consequence, when the war broke out, Robert enlisted as a private in Co. F, 1st Regiment Arkansas Cavalry. Robert’s Confederate military record indicates that he was taken prisoner at Crittenden county, Arkansas on 14 July 1864, and was held as a prisoner of war at Camp Morton in Indianapolis. When he signed the Oath of Allegiance and was released on 22 May 1865, Robert gave “Newburgh, Indiana” as his place of residence, and he was described as standing 5’6.5″ tall, having a florid complexion, sandy hair, and hazel eyes. Apparently illiterate, Robert had to sign his name with a mark.

Price wrote the letter to Morris Henderson Oliver (1809-1890), the son of Abraham Oliver and Rosannah Grant of Rockingham, North Carolina. In 1829 Abraham traveled on horseback from his home in Rockingham County, North Carolina to Putnam County, Indiana, and bought land on Bear Creek, Franklin Township. Again in 1835, he made the trip on horseback and bought more land adjoining his first purchase. He made three such trips before he finally sold his North Carolina property and moved with his wife and son, Allen to live in Franklin Township, Putnam County, Indiana. The farm lands he had purchased he deeded in 1836 to his sons, Jeremiah and Morris H. of Union County, Indiana. Morris married in 1834 to Paulina J. Hesler and later, in 1852, to Catherine J. Gardner (1821-1892).

aaciviowa5

TRANSCRIPTION
Addressed to Mr. Morris Oliver, Greencastle, Putnam county, Indiana

Newburgh, Warrick county, Indiana
January 22nd 1865

Dear Uncle and Aunt,

Permit me to write you a few lines to let you know we are all well at present [and] hoping these few lines may find you all well. The connection are generally well, so far as I know. We lost our baby. He died about a month after I was at your house. I expected to get a letter from you or some of the family before this but as I have not, I concluded to write. The people are alive down here [and] in hopes of peace and a cessation of hostilities and a permanent restoration of the States with the wiping out of slavery for all ages to come. And as all desire a permanent and honorable peace when this is settled, we will have peace — and not a lasting peace — till it [slavery] is marked out forever.

Volunteering are quite brisk down here. If the bounty was raised to $400, the quota of this county would be filled in one week. But the bounty won’t be raised, I fear. George W. Gardner have volunteered again. I don’t know whether any of the other of the boys thinks of volunteering or not. Wm. H[enry] H[arrison] Gardner was drafted before but did not have to go as the quota was filled before they came down to him.

oath
Oath of Allegiance by Robert M. Phillips

Mr. Oliver, I have not succeeded in getting my brother out of prison at Indianapolis but I expect to get him released in a short time and if he comes to your house with the letter I wrote to him, question him. Ask him who I married and where I live and what my occupation is and if you are convinced he is my brother, send him to me. Give him instructions how to come and tell him what your charge is and I will express you the money immediately. I wrote to him if he had not money enough to bring him home to come to your house and you would send him to me. I wrote also for him to keep the letter I wrote him and show it to you. He may have money to bring him home. It will take about $7.00 to bring him to Evansville. If he gets there, he can get home. The reason I want you to question him is for fear someone might come and pass theirselves off for my brother. You know my wife’s name and so does he and if you are satisfied that he is my brother, give him seven dollars and I will send it at my own risk.

I hope you will get time to answer this. Aunt said she had not time. They have seen one of your brother John Gardner’s son-in-law down here but he did not come to see us. He was looking for a farm to buy or rent. I must close. You must write soon and often. Give my love to all the family. Goodbye.

Yours affectionately, — Price Phillips and M. E. Phillips

To Morris H. Oliver and Catherine C. Oliver

Uncategorized

Advertisements

Griff View All →

My passion is studying American history leading up to & including the Civil War. I particularly enjoy reading, transcribing & researching primary sources such as letters and diaries.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

The Glorious Dead

Letters from the 23rd Illinois Infantry, the 111th Pennsylvania Infantry, the 64th New York Infantry, and the 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry

Cornelius Van Houten

1st New Jersey Light Artillery

Letters of Charley Howe

36th Massachusetts Volunteers

Sgt. Major Fayette Lacey

Co. B, 37th Illinois Volunteers

"These few lines"

the pocket memorandum of Alexander C. Taggart

The Civil War Letters of Will Dunn

Co. F, 62nd Pennsylvania Volunteers

Henry McGrath Cannon

Co. A, 124th New York Infantry & Co. B, 16th New York Cavalry

Civil War Letters of Frederick Warren Holmes

Co. H, 77th Illinois Volunteers

"Though distant lands between us be"

Civil War Letters of Monroe McCollister, Co. B, 6th OVC

"Tell her to keep good heart"

Civil War Letters of Nelson Statler, 211th PA

"May Heaven Protect You"

14th Connecticut drummer boy's war-time correspondence with his mother

Moreau Forrest

Lt. Commander in the US Navy during the Civil War

Diary of the 29th Massachusetts Infantry

Fighting with the Irish Brigade during the Peninsula Campaign

"Till this unholy rebellion is crushed"

Letters of Dory & Morty Longwood, 7th Indiana

"I Go With Good Courage"

The Civil War Letters of Henry Clay Long, 11th Maine Infantry

"This is a dreadful war"

The Civil War Letters of Jacob Bauer, 16th Connecticut, & his wife Emily

Spared & Shared 16

Saving History One Letter at a Time

Lloyd Willis Manning Letters

3rd Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, Co. I

The Yankee Volunteer

A Virtual Archive of Civil War Likenesses collected by Dave Morin

William Henry Jordan

Co. K, 7th Rhode Island Infantry

No Cause to Blush

The Bancroft Collection of Civil War Letters

William A. Bartlett Civil War Letters

Company D, 37th Massachusetts Infantry

The John Hughes Collection

A Virtual Archive of his Letters, 1858-1869

The Civil War Letters of Rufus P. Staniels

Co. H, 13th New Hampshire Volunteers

This is Indeed A Singular War

The Civil War Letters of Henry Scott Murray, 8th New York Light Artillery

The Letters of James A. Durrett

Co. E, 18th Alabama Infantry

Spared & Shared 15

Saving History One Letter at a Time

The Civil War Letters of George Messer

Company F, 107th Illinois Volunteer Infantry

Jeff's Prayers are as Effective as Abe's

The Civil War Letters of George S. Youngs, 126th New York Vols

Soldiering is a Very Uncertain Game

The Civil War Letters of Lemuel Glidden, Co. K, 145th Indiana Infantry

Tough as a Pitch Pine Knot

Letters of John Whitcomb Piper, 4th Massachusetts Heavy Artillery

An Honorable Peace

The Civil War Letters of Frank B. Knause, 6th Michigan Infantry & Heavy Artillery

Looking for a Rebel to Give him a Pop

Letters to & from Sgt. John Henry Ward, 93rd PA Inf

Civil War Letters of William H. H. Kinsey

Co. H, 28th Illinois Infantry

%d bloggers like this: